South Cave in 1843
South Cave, so called to distinguish it from the parish and village of North Cave, which lies a little to the north-west of it, is a parish and small market-town, partly in the liberty of St. Peter of York, and partly in the Hunsley-Beacon division of the wapentake of Harthill, in the East Riding, about 175 miles from London, 27 miles south-east of York, and about 3 miles north of the river Humber, near the western foot of the Wolds. The parish is extensive, and comprises the townships of South Cave, Broomfleet, and Faxfleet, with an aggregate population of 1,200 in 1831, and 1,852 in 1841, including 316 strangers attending the cattle-fair at the time of the census.
The living is a discharged vicarage, in the jurisdiction of the peculiar court of South Cave, with a gross income of £190. The town contains a neat church, built in 1601, and dedicated to All-Saints, several places of worship for dissenters, and a partially-endowed national school.
The Hull Banking Company have a branch there, and petty sessions are held for the wapentake of Howdenshire. A market, at which much corn is sold for distribution by the river Humber and its branches, is held on Monday, and there is a fair on Trinity Monday.
Near the town is a mansion called Cave Castle, formerly inhabited by the ancestors of General Washington, whose great-grandfather emigrated thence in 1657. The population of the township of South Cave alone was 833 in 1831, and 1,288 in 1841, with the strangers mentioned above, or 972 without them.