Sherburn in 1843
Sherburn is a small market-town in the West Riding of Yorkshire, in the wapentake of Barkstone-Ash and parish of Sherburn, 183 miles north by west from London, and 16 miles south-south-west from York. The town is situated on a small but very clear stream. The church is said to have been built out of the ruins of a palace which the archbishop of York formerly had here ; it is a spacious structure, and the nave is described as exhibiting a peculiar and magnificent specimen of architecture. The living is a vicarage, in the diocese of York, of the net annual value of 125 shillings.
In 1833 there were six daily schools. The Commissioners for Education Enquiry state that one of these, 'containing 50 children of both sexes, is partly supported by an endowment which was originally for 24 males, but the funds having become inadequate, the present number is only six : the are paid for by their parents.' The school has four exhibitions, of £7, 10 shillings each, to St. John's College, Oxford, and is one of the eight grammar-schools in Yorkshire which are entitled to send candidates for Lady Elizabeth Hastings's exhibition at Queen's College, Oxford. In 1831 the population of the township was 1,155 ; in 1841 it was 1,328.