Leyburn, Leybourn, or Leyburn-Lounds in 1843
Leybourn is a small market-town in the parish of Wensley, wapentake of Hang-West, liberty of Richmondshire, and the North Riding of the county of Yorkshire, about 229 miles from London, 38 miles north-west from York, 3 miles north of Middleham, and 8 miles south of Richmond.
It consists chiefly of a spacious oblong square of well-built houses, in the centre of which a market is held every Friday, where a considerable quantity of corn is sold. It has also fairs on the second Friday in February, May, October, and December, when many cattle are disposed of. The town is pleasantly situated amidst picturesque scenery, and has places of worship for Independents, Wesleyan Methodists, and Roman Catholics, several schools, a branch bank, and a public library.
The vicinity contains mines and quarries, which supply lead, coal, and lime. In the neighbourhood are the remains of Bolton and Middleham castles, and of the abbeys of Jervaux and Coverham, and the mansion and pleasure-grounds of Bolton Hall. The population of the township was 1,003 in 1831, and 829 in 1841, including 28 persons in Leybourn Union workhouse.