Hornsea in 1843
Hornsea is a parish and market-town on the east coast of the county, south of Bridlington Bay ; it belongs to the northern division of the wapentake of Holderness, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, and is about 187 miles from London and 36 miles east of York.
The town is said to have been formerly ten miles inland, but the encroachments of the sea have brought the coast within about half a mile at the present time, and have utterly destroyed the village of. Hornsea Beck.
The church, which is dedicated to St. Nicholas is a spacious building, and had formerly a spire, which formed a noted landmark, but it was long since blown down, and has not been restored. The town contains also dissenting places of worship. The living is a vicarage with the rectory of Long Reston, in the archdeaconry of the East Riding, and the diocese of York, with a gross income of £400. There are several schools and benefactions for the poor.
The market-day is Monday, but, the market has long fallen almost entirely into disuse, and there are two annual fairs ; and annual races are held in the neighbourhood. The town has a fine chalybeate spring, and good accommodation for sea-bathing, and is chiefly worthy of notice as a place of considerable resort during the season. In the immediate neighbourhood is the lake called Hornsea Mere, which covers about 436 acres, contains some picturesque islands, and affords an abundant supply of fine fish. The population of the parish, which is called Hornsea-with-Burton, was 780 in 1831, and 1,005 in 1841.