Hawes in 1843
Hawes is a market-town and chapelry in the parish of Aysgarth, wapentake of Hang West, liberty of Richmondshire, in the North Riding, is situated near the south bank of the river Ure, at the head of Wensley-dale, about 246 miles from London, 50 miles north-west by west of York, and 6 miles west of Askrigg.
The houses are generally built of stone, which gives the town a very neat appearance. The chapel-of-ease is a plain edifice, and there are also places of worship for the Society of Friends and the Sandemanians ; several schools, one of which was built and partially endowed by subscription, and a very good subscription library.
The living is a perpetual curacy with a gross income of £130, now in the deanery of Catterick and archdeaconry of Richmond, in the new diocese of Ripon, but formerly in the diocese of Chester.
There are two branch banks, and small manufactures of hosiery and some other kinds of woollen goods. The weekly market is on Tuesday, and there are fairs on Whit-Tuesday and the 28th of September. The neighbouring high lands supply coal and lime, and contain lead-mines, which are worked, but are not very productive.
At a short distance from the town is a magnificent cascade, called Hardraw Scar or Force, with a perpendicular fall of 102 feet. The population of the chapelry of Hawes was 1,559 in 1831,and 1,611 in 1841.