Cawood in 1843
Cawood, a small town in the West Riding of Yorkshire, in the wapentake of Barkstone-Ash, and parish of Cawood, 182 miles north by west from London, and 10 miles south from York. The town, which is tolerably well built, is situated on the south bank of the Ouse, over which there is a ferry. There is a manufacture of coarse bagging for hops and nails, but little else. The church has accommodation for about 350 persons : the living is a perpetual curacy, in the gift of the dean and chapter of York, and of the net annual value of £118. The population of the parish in 1841 was 1,108. The archbishops of York had a palace, or rather castle, at Cawood as early as the 10th century ; the hall was built by Archbishop Bennet, and the gate, which is the only part that remains, by Archbishop Kemp. Wolsey had been residing here for some months when he was arrested on a charge of treason by the earl of Northumberland. The castle was demolished by order of parliament after the civil war between Charles I and the parliament.