Eynsham in 1840
Ensham, or Eynsham, is on a hill on the northern bank of the Thames, in Wootton hundred, about five miles from Oxford on the road to Witney. The area of the parish is 5,060 acres; the population in 1831 was 1,858, two-thirds agricultural. The village is in a picturesque situation ; it has two bridges, one of which is over the Thames. The parish church is a large Gothic building, with a substantially built western tower ; and near the church is an ancient cross, with a taper shaft of elegant proportions. Ensham had formerly a Benedictine Abbey, the yearly revenue of which, at the dissolution, was £441, 12 shillings, 2¾ pence gross, or £421, 16 shillings, 1¾ pence clear. There are some scanty remains of the building. The living is a vicarage, of the clear yearly value of £178, with a glebe-house. There were in 1833 an endowed school, with 14 boys and 4 girls ; three other day or boarding schools, with 40 boys and 63 girls ; and two Sunday-schools, with 90 children.