MARKET TOWNS OF CORNWALL (from SDUK Penny Cyclopedia)
Stratton in 1837
Stratton, in Stratton hundred, is in the northern extremity of the county, on a rivulet the waters of which ultimately fall into the sea at Bude Haven, in Bude Bay. It is 222½ miles from London by Exeter, Crediton, Hatherleigh, and Holsworthy. The harbour at Bude admits only small vessels. Sea sand is sent from Bude far inland for manure. The number of houses in the parish in 1831 was 305 : the number of inhabitants was 1,613.
Stratton, or the immediate vicinity, has been generally allowed to be the site of a Roman station, Musidunum ; but its chief historical interest is derived from the battle fought near it in the civil war of Charles I. The scene of action was really in the neighbouring parish of Ponghill : the earl of Stamford, with the parliamentary army, was attacked May 6, 1643, by the Cornish royalists, who were far inferior in number, under Sir Ralph Hopton, Sir Beville Grenville, and others. The Royalists gained a complete victory, taking the camp of the enemy, with all their artillery, baggage, and provisions, and many prisoners. Sir Ralph Hopton was created Lord Hopton of Stratton, and after his death, Sir John Berkeley, who had distinguished himself in the battle, was created Lord Berkeley of Stratton.