MARKET TOWNS OF CORNWALL (from SDUK Penny Cyclopedia)
St. Mawes in 1837
St. Mawes is in the parish of St. Just, in Roseland, in the hundred of Powder, on an arm of the Carrick Road, an inlet of the sea on which Falmouth stands : it is 260 miles from London, through Tavistock, Liskeard, and Tregony.
This is a wretched little place, consisting of one street under a hill by the sea, and containing a few houses inhabited by fishermen. There was neither church nor chapel until 1812, when the marquis (now duke) of Buckingham built one. The parish church of St. Just is distant two miles. There is a castle built by Henry VIII, nearly at the same time as Pendennis castle, on the other side of the roadsted, but much inferior to it in size ; it is now used as a residence for the lieutenant-governor. The market, which is on Friday, is very small. St. Mawes returned two members to parliament from 1562 up to the passing of the Reform Act, by which it disfranchised. The parish of St. Just contained, in 1831, 337 houses and 1,558 inhabitants. The living is a rectory of the net annual value of £425, with a glebe-house. It is in the diocese of Exeter and archdeaconry of Cornwall.