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Beaconsfield in 1835

BEACONSFIELD, a small market-town of Buckinghamshire, in the hundred and deanery of Burnham, twenty-four miles W. by N. of London, and thirty-one S.S.E. of Buckingham. It is situated upon high ground, whence it has been supposed that its name is derived from a beacon that formerly occupied the spot.

The town consists of four streets, the principal of which, forming part of the road from Uxbridge to High Wycombe, is nearly three quarters of a mile in length. The substratum on which the town stands is chiefly gravel, and the houses are built with flints or brick.

The church, dedicated to All Saints, is built of flint and squared stones, and consists of a nave, chancel, and side aisles, with a tower at the west end. The remains of Edmund Burke, who resided and died at Gregories in this parish, are deposited in the church ; and the churchyard contains a white marble table monument in honour of Waller, to whom the manor belonged as it still does to his descendant. Hull Court, the poets family mansion, is still in existence. The church, as well as the manor, was formerly attached to Burnham Priory. The living is a rectory in the archdeaconry of Bucks and diocese of Lincoln, valued in the king’s book at £26, 2 shillings and 8 pence ; the advowson belongs to Magdalen College, Oxford, which purchased it about the year 1705.

Beaconsfield derives great advantage from its situation. on the high road between London and Oxford ; and considerable business in the sale of cattle is done at its market and fairs. The proximity of High Wycombe and Uxbridge is, however, said to have rendered the market of less relative importance now than in former times. The market-day is Wednesday, and the fairs are held on February 13th and Holy Thursday, the latter being for cattle.

The number of houses in the parish was 341, according to the returns of 1831, when the population consisted of 1,763 persons, of whom 891 were females.


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